A short History of England and the County of Lyndhurst

A recent History of the England and the County of Lyndhurst
England a brief Summary
England of the mid 18th century was a dangerous place to live, it was a divided nation no longer ruled by a Monarchy since all trace of Royal families had seemed to have been eliminated.
The killing of Royals had followed the beheading of Charles I, it is said that after the beheading Oliver Cromwell instituted a series of groups to trace and eliminate any possible threat to the Commonwealth from a future Royal claimant.
These groups tracked Royals all over Europe following and ultimately killing them. The murders finally stopped when the French King infuriated by the killing of Royals within his own domains sent his own Assassin to kill Oliver Cromwell.
Upon Cromwell’s death there were still a few pretenders to the English throne that rose up from some very dubious lineages, some managed to cobble together Foreign support but none were ever able to be strong enough to defend their claims.
England at first settled down to be ruled by a Parliament, but the first signs of factionalism rose from the debating chamber,  these factions eventually grew into armed groups that enforced their particular arguments. From there the wealthy nobles soon formed the factions into groups to support their own claims to land and on that basis the second Civil war broke out, it was a confusing war as no one was really fighting for a cause other than for greed and power.
Finally the war sputtered to en end more due to the nations exhaustion than to the settling of issues.

Some of the factions still claimed to support a Monarchial England, where as others wanted a Commonwealth, or a Republic, what they ended up with in the 2nd Treaty of Westminster was an England divided into Counties and even Duchies, each to be ruled by a Noble or a Ruling family. Each county/Duchy was represented in the Ruling Council of England by 1 noble, and it was within this Ruling Council that England was governed for 60 years.
It did not stop factionalism and it most certainly did not stop the wars, what it did do was concentrate power between the weak and the strong, so Counties drew together either for protection or to expand, the nature of the arguments within England changed from political factions to territorial greed.

The one thing the Ruling council did do efficiently, was to ensure the legality of a registered claim to a county or Duchy the claimants had to have a proven Noble lineage. They were certainly not intending to allow any peasant or ruffian to assume power in any territory in England.
Thus under the auspices of the Archbishop of Westminster an investigative committee was formed to trace the ancestral lineage of all claimants. This system worked extremely well, because once a claimant’s application was proven by the committee there could no longer be an argument over that nobles claim off lineage. There still were arguments once a claim was confirmed but these were more territorial rather than legal.
Thus the investigative committee formed a great service in settling many disputes over ancestral rights, but what they also did was to accidentally discover the links to a Royal family line that lead from Charles I to an 15 year old boy that had recently arrived in England from Hesse.
The committee kept its findings secret, knowing full well that were they to announce the existence of a Royal family line in England, a third Civil war would be imminent.
The committee knew the boy arrived in England, but they were not sure where he was living, thus the Archbishop had appointed his leading Investigator to track down the location of this royal boy.

It was while a small group of investigators were away in Southern England that word somehow leaked out, that the Archbishop had discovered a Royal bastard living in England. The Archbishop was summoned to the Ruling Council to answer questions, but knowing that the information he had would likely lead to his death and ultimately civil war he hid the papers, and sent his most trusted servant to warn his investigators to hide.
The Archbishop was murdered before he could attend the ruling council, his body was burned in his home and it was assumed the evidence was destroyed along with him.
However word still circulated that somewhere in England there was a group that became known as the “Insiders” and they knew more of this royal, and of course more importantly there was most likely a Royal bastard somewhere in England just waiting for the moment to surface.

The manhunt became a crusade for many nobles, because they knew should that boy become King, it was most likely all nobles would lose their powers, and therefore most Nobles were not likely going  to allow that. The Counties that still supported a belief in the monarchy were just as eager to find the boy, to protect him as were the counties/Duchies ruled by Republicans, Puritans, Commonwealth supporters or simply Nobles basing their cause on the power of the rabbles within their own territory.

The County of Lyndhurst.

The County of Lyndhurst is situated in the south of England, it is a rich county in that it has a massive amounts of forestry which is readily exported both within England and has recently started to be exported to foreign markets. There are considerable  resources in the amount of Iron and coal, thus ensuring the establishment of iron and ore industries. Already what was a small craft market in sporting rifles and muskets is now slowly being converted to small armament workshops.
The farming communities along the south coast provide all the crops required for Lyndhurst, with a small amount left over for external markets.
There is a large mercantile population centred on the Towns of Lyndhurst and Beaulieu. Over the last 12 months a new port has been opened near Exbury, this will no doubt lead to the expansion of Exbury not only as a Port and fishing town but as a market town as well, the new harbour facilities will for the first time provide the Lyndhurst Merchants unrestricted access to foreign markets.
The County is not large, in fact it is most likely one of the smallest, at its widest it is only a 100 miles wide and in length around 200 miles, but measured by wealth it is fast becoming one of the leading counties.
The County is governed by the Anders family, Sir Edward and lady Elizabeth Anders were considered fair minded Nobles. They are supporters of Monarchical rule but they were not fanatical in their views. Sir Edward has fought in numerous small wars when other Monarchical counties have been attacked, his willingness to support other like minded counties has given him some considerable prestige in the ruling Council, it also marks him as an enemy to the other factions.

                                              Sir Edward and Lady Elizabeth Anders

Sir Edward and lady Elizabeth had three children

 Colonel James Anders Age 30 is the Eldest Son, he has fought in many skirmishes and wars since he was sixteen, now he was in command of the Lyndhurst Foot Regiment (2 battalions), the only permanent Infantry unit in the County of Lyndhurst. When troubles develop the Lyndhurst Militia can be called out and within a week the County can have 6 Militia Battalions as well as the 2 regular Battalions. He also commands a medium artillery battery.

Colonel Andrew Anders Age 28 is the second Son, like his brother he too has been brought up in a time of wars and constant skirmishing, he Commands the 1st Cuffnal Light Dragoon Regiment along with a 6pdr HA battery. The Dragoons are the only Permanent Cavalry regiment in Lyndhurst, and they act as border guards as well as policing within the County.

Anne Anders Age 26 Daughter is a precocious young lady, very independent in her thoughts she was devoted to her family. Lady Elizabeth was beside herself with worry over her daughter, here she was 26 years old and unmarried, the problem was not the lack of suitors but that independent streak within her daughter. Anne simply refused to marry any of the suitors that had come calling so far.

                                                              Anne Anders

Other people of note that lived in Lyndhurst were:

General Sir Leopold Anders
Age 56 Brother to Sir Edward, Sir Leopold had been on service in Prussia as a military observer with the Prussian Army, he resigned his commision when he became engaged to Sophia Schiller the widow of Captain Franz Schiller a Hessian Officer killed in the English Colonies in North America. Sir Leopold has only just returned home to Lyndhurst with his fiancée Sophia and her adopted son James.

Sophia Schiller is considerably younger than her fiancée she is 32 years old. At one time Sophia had been the mistress of the bed chambers to Princess Wilhelmina the sister to Frederick the Great. Sophia was not in fact James’s natural mother; his birth mother was Princess Wilhelmina who secretly gave birth to the boy in a monastery in Hesse. There had been a number of reasons the birth was kept secret, first Princess Wilhelmina was not married, secondly she feared that the boy would be used or abused in the European struggles with her famous Brother King Frederick of Prussia.
                                                Anne Anders (back to artist) and Sophia Schiller

Sophia was pregnant at the same time as Princess Wilhelmina but miscarried her own baby. So the Princess gave James to Sophia with the promise she adopt the baby as her own and keep him safe from all harm, what was not known at that time was Princess Wilhelmina’s lover was Prince Ferdinand of Granschaft Gimborn, a small principality in Germany. Prince Ferdinand’s grandfather was simply known as John, John was the illegitimate son of Charles I.

James Schiller (later James III )  a 15 years old he is a descended of Charles I of England who is his great-great grandfather, he is not aware of his birthright. He is a highly intelligent child and speaks fluent German, French, English and Spanish.
                                                         James in Uniform aged 15 years old

Amschel Moses Rothschild 
Age 32 married to Schönche Lechnich aged 28.
Amschel was a very good friend to Sir Leopold and fled Hesse when the Franco/Prussian wars destroyed his home and business; he accepted Sir Leopold’s protection and invitation to move to England and like Sir Leopold had not long arrived in Lyndhurst.
The Rothschild’s live in the town of Lyndhurst and set up business as a money changer and trader of silks. He has just recently opened offices in London where he also acts as money changer and silk merchant. He is also developing a considerable network of informers both in London and in other counties.

Lady Margret Adair
Age 63 years, widow of Admiral Patrick Adair, she is also the mother of Father Paul, one of the Archbishops leading investigators, a group known as the Insiders.
She befriends Sophia when she comes to Lyndhurst and it was through her and her connections with the “Insiders” that the Anders finally learns that the boy from Prussia is not only Frederick the Greats nephew but also a descendent of Charles I.

Lady Maude Brougham
Aged 58, the Widow of Lord Alfred Brougham who was killed 3 years ago in a ambush by troops from the Duchy of Romney, Lady Maude resides at Castle Malwood. She is very outspoken Royalist, and a arch critic and enemy of the self styled Duke of Romney; Duke Robert Longwood.

                                                                     Lady Maude
Father Paul
Father Paul is the leader of the group known as the “insiders”, the group of 6 have split up but all live in Lyndhurst County. Father Paul now ministers a church in Beaulieu, he and the rest of the group have sworn amongst themselves to covertly watch over and protect the boy king James.

1 comment:

  1. absolutely fantastic... your imagi-nation (and your imagination) are so well constructed, internally stable and very enjoyable to read and share.

    Thank you :))